Which persons are at risk for developing TB?

People at high risk for developing TB disease include:

1. Close contacts to infectious patients with tuberculosis: family members or other persons staying in the same premises (in a room, apartment or individual house, etc.), working or studying together (hereinafter referred to as close contacts);
2. Persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
3. Persons addicted to alcohol, drugs and other substances;
4. Persons in detention places;
5. Persons living in closed groups (nursing homes, shelters for the homeless, etc.);
6. Persons with medical conditions that increase the risk of contracting TB:

6.1. Persons who have been recently infected with TB bacteria, people who have latent TB infection ;
6.2. Persons with oncological diseases;
6.3. Persons who have had bowel resection;
6.4. Persons suffering from diabetes;
6.5. Persons suffering from renal insufficiency;
6.6. Persons with body mass index 10 percent lower than the norm;
6.7. Persons treated with corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressive drugs (including after bone marrow or organ transplantation);
6.8. Persons to be treated, undergoing the treatment and after the treatment (6 months after the treatment) with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors;

7. Persons arriving from countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis (more than 50 cases per 100,000 inhabitants);
8. Children belonging to a risk group, as defined by Order No. 399 of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Lithuania of 6 August 2002 on approval of tuberculin test performance and statistical report form No. 9 "Statistical report on the performance of tuberculin testing":

8.1. Not vaccinated against tuberculosis
8.2. In contact with TB infected individuals (family, group)
8.3. Children often suffering from upper respiratory tract disorders
8.4. With chronic diseases
8.5. Undergoing treatment with corticosteroids
8.6. Living with HIV or other immunodeficiency condition
8.7. Children from social risk families
8.8. Children living in centres for infants with impaired development, children's care homes, boarding schools, boarding houses
8.9. Migrants

Last updated: 20-11-2023